Bernard Barraqué is a French civil engineer holding a city planning degree from Harvard University, and a PhD in urban socio-economic issues from Paris University. He started his career as a consultant in urban environment policies, and progressively turned to research and teaching. He now is full time Research Director in the CNRS (French Science Centre), with the rank of professor, in environmental policies, in particular water. He is attached to CIRED, Centre International de Recherches sur l’Environnement et le Développement, which is co-tutored by AgroParisTech, PontsParisTech, University of Paris-Est and Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, and associated to the CNRS. Due to his inter-disciplinary profile, he also was the chair of the French National Committee of the UNESCO International Hydrological Program until 2010. He is member of the editorial boards of Water Policy, Espaces et Sociétés and Water Alternatives.
Laure Isnard is a Research Engineer, attached at Centre International de Recherches sur l’Environnement et le Développement. She's currently working with Bernard Barraqué on EAU&3E, a research project on the sustainability of water and sanitation services in large cities in France, in particular with the city of Paris: environmental, economic, social and governance dimensions.
Les services publics de l'eau se sont longtemps centrés sur une politique de l'offre, appuyée sur les compétences du génie civil (pour la quantité) et du génie sanitaire (pour la qualité). Aujourd'hui, les tensions sur la ressource et la montée des enjeux environnementaux imposent une nouvelle approche. Les sciences de l'ingénieur ont leur mot à dire, mais l'innovation technique doit s'inscrire dans une réinvention des modèles existants. Quelles sont les pistes ?
For a long time, the one and only mission of public water service was to provide the best possible supply, both in quantity and quality. But the increasing stress on water resources and the rise of other environmental issues now force suppliers and local authorities to completely rethink their approach. Technical innovation is part of the solution, but the whole models are to be reinvented. Along which lines?