Alain Grandjean / Partner, Carbone 4

Last updated on profile page : July 1st, 2014


A graduate from Ecole Polytechnique and ENSAE ParisTech, Alain Grandjean holds a PhD in Economy of the Environment. He has over 15 years of experience in management, and seven years in consulting for investment funds and CEOs. The author of five books, he is a lecturer and a trainer on energy and climate issues.

He is currently a partner in Carbone 4, a leading consulting firm specialised in carbon strategy. The firm’s name refers to the Factor 4 concept, the name given to France's objective of cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 75% by 2050. Carbone 4 advises public and private entities, assisting them in the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Alain Grandjean is a member of the Strategic Committee of the Nicolas Hulot Foundation, of the Sustainable Development Economists Council for the French Department of Environment. In 2012 he was appointed chairman of the Experts Committee for the French National Debate on Energy Transition.

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By Alain Grandjean on ParisTech Review

The energy mix can be defined as the distribution of primary energy sources consumed to produce various types of energy used in a given country. For different reasons, running from availability of the resources to policies enacted in the fight against global warming, national energy mixes will necessarily evolve over the coming decades. However, the natural inertia of history and the political and economic costs make the changes difficult. What are the most promising routes to transition?
Le mix énergétique, c'est la répartition des différentes sources d'énergies primaires consommées pour la production des types d'énergie utilisés dans un pays donné. Pour différentes raisons allant de la disponibilité des ressources aux politiques de lutte contre le changement climatique, les mix énergétiques nationaux sont appelés à évoluer dans les prochaines décennies. Mais le poids de l'histoire ainsi que les coûts politiques et économiques de cette évolution la rendent difficile. Quelles sont les pistes les plus sérieuses?

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